Evista Free Sample
Evista free sample The proposed AT&T merger agreement has attracted some criticism, evista free sample most prominently from David Burstein and Susan Crawford (check out also the commentary from David Isenberg and Jeff Pulver.) They believe, evista free sample in short, evista free sample that the exceptions in the agreement make it not worth the candle.
Evista free sample I respectfully disagree with Susan and Dave and want to explain why. Evista free sample While I don't think the agreement is perfect, evista free sample I don't think it is flawed in the ways they believe. Evista free sample Let's consider each in turn. Susan argues that leaving "Wireline broadband Internet access service" undefined is dangerous; that AT&T will simply prioritize something different -- what it it calls the "AT&T Yahoo! High Speed Internet U-verse Enabled, evista free sample" which runs over fibre. Evista free sample As she writes:
Evista free sample AT&T is effectively saying, evista free sample "We'll keep existing 'broadband' access neutral. Evista free sample But when it comes to our new super-duper 'AT&T Yahoo! High Speed Internet U-verse Enabled, evista free sample' well, evista free sample that's not up for negotiation. Evista free sample We need to make money there. Evista free sample 'Enabled' and 'broadband' are not the same thing.
Evista free sample Most importantly, evista free sample prioritizing fiber-based broadband internet access would in fact violate the terms of the agreement. Evista free sample It is true that "wireline broadband internet access" service is undefined. Evista free sample Perhaps in an ideal version of the agreement, evista free sample it would have been defined as follows: "any service that gives access to content or applications that rely on the internet addresses issued by the IANA" or something of the sort. However, evista free sample the term is the next best thing: a term with a specific, evista free sample defined meaning in telecommunications regulation. Evista free sample It is a history that suggests that it means any internet broadband service carried over a copper wire, evista free sample fiber, evista free sample or anything else is covered by the agreement. Evista free sample Here is exactly how the FCC has defined the term (on page 8 of the 2005 Wireline classification decision):
Evista free sample Wireline broadband Internet access service, evista free sample for purposes of this proceeding, evista free sample is a service that uses existing or future wireline facilities of the telephone network to provide subscribers with Internet access capabilities.[footnote]
Evista free sample The footnote says:
Evista free sample We stress that our actions in this Order are limited to wireline broadband Internet access service and its underlying broadband transmission component, evista free sample whether that component is provided over all copper loops, evista free sample hybrid copper-fiber loops, evista free sample a fiber-to-the-curb or fiber-to-the-premises (FTTP) network, evista free sample or any other type of wireline facilities, evista free sample and whether that component is provided using circuit-switched, evista free sample packet based, evista free sample or any other technology.
Evista free sample This suggests that getting that defined term in the agreement is not a concession, evista free sample but perhaps even a coup. Evista free sample The network neutrality rule shall apply to all existing and future wireless facilities. * * *
Evista free sample David Burstein is concerned about the exemption for IPTV in the agreement, evista free sample and his concerns are related somewhat to Susan's concerns. Evista free sample He argues that AT&T will use the IPTV exemption in the Merger Agreement to create an internet "fast lane, evista free sample" and thereby sidestep the network neutrality rule. Evista free sample David writes:
Evista free sample AT&T has always intended to give paying customers priority by routing them over the â€œIPTVâ€ part of their network, evista free sample with Alcatel routers and Microsoft software designed for QOS.
Evista free sample Here is the response. Evista free sample AT&T, evista free sample as many know, evista free sample in implementing plans to become a cable television provider. Evista free sample Building a cable television network is an exercise in discrimination; you cannot become, evista free sample say, evista free sample channel 60, evista free sample without getting permission. Evista free sample It is a fundamentally different kind of network than the internet. Evista free sample In practice their networks do not rely on the public internet or its IP addresses -- it is a private facility, evista free sample like a cable network. The IPTV exemption is intended to allow AT&T to pursue its cable television plans; and necessarily, evista free sample that will mean AT&T choosing channels (Bravo, evista free sample Comedy Central, evista free sample etc.), evista free sample and not choosing others. Evista free sample So yes, evista free sample to this extent, evista free sample the agreement allows AT&T to engage in a form of discrimination.
Evista free sample But as soon as AT&T attempts to justify doing anything other than television using the IPTV exemption, evista free sample it will begin to violate the agreement. Evista free sample The IPTV exemption, evista free sample in full, evista free sample reads as follows:
Evista free sample This commitment also does not apply to AT&T/BellSouth's Internet Protocol television (IPTV) service. Evista free sample These exclusions shall not result in the privileging, evista free sample degradation, evista free sample or prioritization of packets transmitted or received by AT&T/BellSouth's non-enterprise customers' wireline broadband Internet access service from the network side of the customer premise equipment up to and including the Internet Exchange Point closest to the customer's premise, evista free sample as defined above.
Evista free sample As you can see, evista free sample the exemption is itself limited. Evista free sample Here again the definintion of "wireline broadband Internet access service" is important. Evista free sample The language above suggests that the IPTV exemption cannot be used in any way that constitutes offering a discriminatory broadband internet service.
Evista free sample In effect, evista free sample the structure of the IPTV exemption draws a line, evista free sample reflecting existing reality, evista free sample between the open networks of the world (the internet) and the closed, evista free sample highly discriminatory networks (cable). Evista free sample You can offer one, evista free sample or both, evista free sample but the discrimination isn't allowed to bleed away from one and into the other. Evista free sample Here's the essence: so long as customers demand internet service, evista free sample access to the IP address defined internet, evista free sample it will be neutral under this agreement. Finally, evista free sample it is arguably good for everyone that the Bells want to offer TV service. Evista free sample Cable could use the competition.
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